- HTML is the set of markup symbols or codes placed in a file that is intended for display on a web page.
These markup symbols and codes identify structural elements such as paragraphs, headings, and lists. HTML can also be used to place media on a web page and describe fill-in forms.
Tim Berners-Lee developed HTML using Standard Generalized Markup Language (SGML). It permits the platform-independent display of information across the network.
- The software needed to create and needed to test web pages is a text editor for the making of the web pages' code,
and an internet browser like Internet Explorer, Safari , and Google Chrome to test the Web Site. Web sites are saved as HTML files.
- The head sections of a web page contains information that describes the web page document.
The body section contains the actual tags, text, images, and other objects that are displayed by the browser as a web page.
- Heading elements are organized into six levels: h1 through h6. The text contained within a heading element is rendered as a "block" of text by the browser and displays with empty space above and below. The size of the text is largest for h1 and smallest for h6. Depending on the font being used the text contained within h4, h5, and h6 tags may be displayed smaller than the default text size. All text contained within heading tags is displayed with bold font weight. They are used to show the titles, major headings, and the subtopics for identification.
- Ordered lists use letters, numbers, and roman numerals of either uppercase or lowercase. Unordered lists use bullets of either disks, squares, or circles. Ordered lists use ol tags, while Unordered lists use ul tags.
- The blockquote element is used to display a block of quoted text in a special way -- indented from both the left and right margins. A block of indented text begins with a blockquote tag and ends with a /blockquote tag.
- The purpose of special characters is to show symbols and characters by typing in codes for stuff like quotation marks, Copyright symbol, Ampersand, a Long Dash, or a Vertical Bar.
- You use an Absolute hyperlink when you need to link to resources on other websites. The href value for an absolute hyperlink to the homepage of a website includes the http:// protocol and the domain name.
- When you need to use a relative link to web pages within your site, use a relative hyperlink. The href value for a relative hyperlink doesn't begin with the http:// and doesn't include a domain name. The href value will only contain the filename or filename and folder of the web page you want to display.